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Posted on October 5, 2011

So now we have simple active sentences (subject – ‘does something to’ – object) and simple passive sentences (object – ‘has something done to it by’ – subject). We can begin. Well, yes, we could, but it would be fairly boring (and, remember, it is your duty NOT to be boring . It would have a short, staccato rhythm that didn’t vary, and an important part of being a readable writer is to vary the rhythm according to the mood, to use it as another weapon your arsenal .

The next step to achieve this is to make sentences more complex by the use of phrases. By this I mean to use CLAUSES. A clause is inserted into the simple sentence (usually between commas). There are many different types of clause (relative clauses, noun clauses, comment clauses, conditional clauses, and many others), but in general, you may consider clauses as ways of adding extra information about either the subject, or the verb, or the object of the sentence.

For instance, the basic sentence might be Kate loves Jim; we can then add a clause giving some more information about Jim, such as Kate loves Jim, who is red-headed. Or Kate loves, and has done for many years, Jim.


Tags: ALWAYS BE INTERESTING, Clauses, Predicates